FANDOM



Information icon Template documentation
(for the Navbox template, sometimes hidden or invisible)
[edit]   —   [history]   —   [purge]   —   [what links here]

This template allows a navigational template to be set up relatively quickly by supplying it with one or more lists of links. It comes equipped with default styles that should work for most navigational templates. Changing the default styles is possible, but not recommended. Using this template, or one of its "Navbox suite" sister templates, is highly recommended for standardization of navigational templates, and for ease of use.

Usage

Please remove the parameters that are left blank.

{{Navbox
|name       = {{subst:PAGENAME}}
|title      = 
|image      = 
|above      = 
|state      = 
|listclass  = hlist

|group1     = 
|list1      = 

|group2     = 
|list2      = 
 ...
|group30    = 
|list30     = 

|below      = 
}}

Parameter list

The navbox uses lowercase parameter names, as shown in the box (at right). The mandatory name and title will create a one-line box if other parameters are omitted.

Notice "group1" (etc.) is optional, as are sections named "above/below".
The basic and most common parameters are as follows (see below for the full list):

name - the name of the template.
title - text in the title bar, such as: [[Widget stuff]].
state - controls when a navbox is expanded or collapsed.
listclass - a CSS class for the list cells, usually hlist for horizontal lists.
image - an optional right-side image, coded as the whole image. Typically it is purely decorative, so it should be coded as [[File:XX.jpg|80px|link=|alt=]].
imageleft - an optional left-side image (code the same as the "image" parameter).
above - text to appear above the group/list section (could be a list of overall wikilinks).
groupn - the left-side text before list-n (if group-n omitted, list-n starts at left of box).
listn - text listing wikilinks using a wikilist format.
below - optional text to appear below the group/list section.

Parameter descriptions

The following is a complete list of parameters for using {{Navbox}}. In most cases, the only required parameters are name, title, and list1, though child navboxes do not even require those to be set.

{{Navbox}} shares numerous common parameter names with its sister templates, {{Navbox with columns}} and {{Navbox with collapsible groups}}, for consistency and ease of use. Parameters marked with an asterisk (*) are common to all three master templates.

Setup parameters

name*
The name of the template, which is needed for the "v • d • e" ("view • discuss • edit") links to work properly on all pages where the template is used. You can enter {{subst:PAGENAME}} for this value as a shortcut. The name parameter is only mandatory if a title is specified, and the border parameter is not set.
state* [collapsed, plain, off]
  • If set to collapsed, the navbox will always start out in a collapsed state.
  • If set to plain, the navbox will always be expanded with no [hide] link on the right, and the title will remain centered (by using padding to offset the v • d • e links).
  • If set to off, the navbox will always be expanded with no [hide] link on the right, but no padding will be used to keep the title centered. This is for advanced use only; the "plain" option should suffice for most applications where the [show]/[hide] button needs to be hidden.
  • If set to anything other than collapsed, plain, or off, the navbox will always start out in an expanded state, but have the "[hide]" button.
Often times, editors will want a default initial state for a navbox, which may be overridden in an article. Here is the trick to do this:
  • In your intermediate template, create a parameter also named "state" as a pass-through like this:
  • | state = {{{state<includeonly>|your_desired_initial_state</includeonly>}}}
  • The <includeonly>| will make the template expanded when viewing the template page by itself.
  • Example: {{Historical currencies of Hungary}} with expanded as the default initial state. All transcluding articles shows the content by default, unless there were an hypothetical article that specifies state = collapsed when transcluding.
navbar*
If set to plain, the v • d • e links on the left side of the titlebar will not be displayed, and padding will be automatically used to keep the title centered. Use off to remove the v • d • e links, but not apply padding (this is for advanced use only; the "plain" option should suffice for most applications where a navbar is not desired). It is highly recommended that one not hide the navbar, in order to make it easier for users to edit the template, and to keep a standard style across pages.
border*
See section below on using navboxes within one another for examples and a more complete description. If set to child or subgroup, then the navbox can be used as a borderless child that fits snuggly in another navbox. The border is hidden and there is no padding on the sides of the table, so it fits into the list area of its parent navbox. If set to none, then the border is hidden and padding is removed, and the navbox may be used as a child of another container (do not use the none option inside of another navbox; similarly, only use the child/subgroup option inside of another navbox). If set to anything else (default), then a regular navbox is displayed with a 1px border. An alternate way to specify the border to be a subgroup style is like this (i.e. use the first unnamed parameter instead of the named border parameter):
{{Navbox|child
...
}}
show*
Text to be be displayed in place of [Show] to expand the template
hide*
Text to be be displayed in place of [Hide] to collapse the template

Cells

title*
Text that appears centered in the top row of the table. It is usually the template's topic, i.e. a succinct description of the body contents. This should be a single line, but if a second line is needed, use {{-}} to ensure proper centering. This parameter is technically not mandatory, but using {{Navbox}} is rather pointless without a title.
groupn*
(i.e. group1, group2, etc.) If specified, text appears in a header cell displayed to the left of listn. If omitted, listn uses the full width of the table.
listn*
(i.e. list1, list2, etc.) The body of the template, usually a list of links. Format is inline, although the text can be entered on separate lines if the entire list is enclosed within <div> </div>. At least one list parameter is required; each additional list is displayed in a separate row of the table. Each listn may be preceded by a corresponding groupn parameter, if provided (see below).
image*
An image to be displayed in a cell below the title and to the right of the body (the groups/lists). For the image to display properly, the list1 parameter must be specified. The image parameter accepts standard wikicode for displaying an image, e.g.:
[[File:XX.jpg|80px|link=|alt=]]
imageleft*
An image to be displayed in a cell below the title and to the left of the body (lists). For the image to display properly, the list1 parameter must be specified and no groups can be specified. It accepts the same sort of parameter that image accepts.
above*
A full-width cell displayed between the titlebar and first group/list, i.e. above the template's body (groups, lists and image). In a template without an image, above behaves in the same way as the list1 parameter without the group1 parameter.
below*
A full-width cell displayed below the template's body (groups, lists and image). In a template without an image, below behaves in the same way as the template's final listn parameter without a groupn parameter. For an example of the below parameter in use, see the section Layout of table.

Style parameters

Styles are generally advised against, to maintain consistency among templates and pages in FarmVille Wiki; but the option to modify styles is given.

style*
Specifies CSS styles to apply to the template body. The parameter bodystyle also does the exact same thing and can be used in place of this style parameter. This option should be used sparingly as it can lead to visual inconsistencies. Examples:
groupwidth
A number and unit specifying a uniform width for the group cells, in cases where little content in the list cells may cause group cells to be too wide. No default. However, may be overridden by the group(n)style parameter. Examples:
groupwidth = 9em


listpadding*
A number and unit specifying the padding in each list cell. The list cells come equipped with a default padding of 0.25em on the left and right, and 0em on the top and bottom. Due to complex technical reasons, simply setting "liststyle = padding: 0.5em;" (or any other padding setting) will not work. Examples:
listpadding = 0.5em 0em; (sets 0.5em padding for the left/right, and 0em padding for the top/bottom.)
listpadding = 0em; (removes all list padding.)
evenodd [swap, even, odd, off]
If set to swap, then the automatic striping of even and odd rows is reversed. Normally, even rows get a light gray background for striping; when this parameter is used, the odd rows receive the gray striping instead of the even rows. Setting to even or odd sets all rows to have that striping color. Setting to off disables automatic row striping. This advanced parameter should only be used to fix problems when the navbox is being used as a child of another navbox and the stripes do not match up. Examples and a further description can be found in the section on child navboxes below.
gevenodd [swap, even, odd, off]
If set to swap, then the automatic striping of even and odd groups is reversed. Normally, even group get a light gray background for striping; when this parameter is used, the odd rows receive the gray striping instead of the even rows. Setting to even or odd sets all rows to have that striping color. Setting to off disables automatic row striping. This advanced parameter should only be used to fix problems when the navbox is being used as a child of another navbox and the stripes do not match up. Examples and a further description can be found in the section on child navboxes below.


Default styles

The style settings listed here are those that editors using the navbox change most often. The other more complex style settings were left out of this list to keep it simple. Styles are set in MediaWiki:Tables.css.

aboveclass
groupclass
listclass
belowclass
This enables attaching a CSS class to group or list cells. The most common use for listclass is to give it the hlist class that will cause lists to render horizontally. All these parameters accept the hlist class, but if more than one parameter is used for hlist, use |bodyclass=hlist instead.

Advanced parameters

titlegroup
This puts a group in the title area, with the same default styles as groupn. It should be used only in exceptional circumstances (usually advanced meta-templates) and its use requires some knowledge of the internal code of {{Navbox}}; you should be ready to manually set up CSS styles to get everything to work properly if you wish to use it. If you think you have an application for this parameter, it might be best to change your mind, or consult the talk page first.

Microformats

bodyclass
This parameter is inserted into the "class" attribute for the navbox as a whole.
titleclass
This parameter is inserted into the "class" attribute for the navbox's title caption.

This template supports the addition of microformat information. This is done by adding "class" attributes to various data cells, indicating what kind of information is contained within. To flag a navbox as containing hCard information about a person, for example, add the following parameter:

|bodyclass = vcard

and

|titleclass = fn

or (for example):

|title = The books of <span class="fn">[[Iain Banks]]</span>

...and so forth.

See Wikipedia:WikiProject Microformats for more information on adding microformat information to Wikipedia, and microformat for more information on microformats in general.

Layout of table

Table generated by {{Navbox}} without image, above and below parameters:


Table generated by {{Navbox}} with image, above and below parameters:


Table generated by {{Navbox}} with image, imageleft, lists, and without groups, above, below:

Examples

Please do not encourage folks to use
s within Navboxes as (unless handled carefully) they can negate settings.

No image

{{Navbox
| name  = Navbox/doc
| title = MSC Malaysia
| listclass = hlist

| group1 = Centre
| list1  = 
* Cyberjaya

| group2 = Area
| list2  = 
* Klang Valley

| group3 = Major landmarks
| list3  = 
* Petronas Twin Towers
* Kuala Lumpur Tower
* Kuala Lumpur Sentral
* Technology Park Malaysia
* Putrajaya
* Cyberjaya
* Kuala Lumpur International Airport

| group4 = Infrastructure
| list4  = 
* Express Rail Link
* KL-KLIA Dedicated Expressway

| group5 = Prime applications
| list5  = 
* EGovernment
* MyKad
}}

With image, without groups

{{Navbox
| name  = Navbox/doc
| title = MSC Malaysia
| image = [[File:Calf-icon.png|80px]]
| listclass = hlist

| list1 = 
* Petronas Twin Towers
* Kuala Lumpur Tower
* Kuala Lumpur Sentral
* Technology Park Malaysia
* Putrajaya
* Cyberjaya
* Kuala Lumpur International Airport
}}

With two images, without groups, multiple lists

{{Navbox
| name  = Navbox/doc
| title = MSC Malaysia
| image = [[File:Calf-icon.png|80px]]
| imageleft = [[File:Foal-icon.png|80px]]
| listclass = hlist

| list1 = 
* Petronas Twin Towers
* Kuala Lumpur Tower
* Kuala Lumpur Sentral

| list2 = 
* Express Rail Link
* KL-KLIA Dedicated Expressway

| list3 = 
* EGovernment
* MyKad

| list4 = 
* Klang Valley
}}

With image, groups, above, below

{{Navbox
| name  = Navbox/doc
| title = MSC Malaysia
| image = [[File:Calf-icon.png|80px]]
| above = Above text goes here
| listclass = hlist

| group1 = Centre
| list1  = 
* Cyberjaya

| group2 = Area
| list2  = 
* Klang Valley

| group3 = Major landmarks
| list3  = 
* Petronas Twin Towers
* Kuala Lumpur Tower
* Kuala Lumpur Sentral
* Technology Park Malaysia
* Putrajaya
* Cyberjaya

| group4 = Infrastructure
| list4  = 
* Express Rail Link
* KL-KLIA Dedicated Expressway

| group5 = Prime applications
| list5  = 
* EGovernment
* MyKad

| below  = Website: {{URL|http://www.msc.com.my/}}
}}

Other Examples

{{Navbox
|name  = Navbox with collapsible groups/doc#Other Examples
|title = Title - LvL 1

|titlegroup = Title group

|above = Above

|image     = Image
|imageleft = Imageleft

|group1 = Group 1<br />LeveL 1<br/>odd
|list1  = List 1 -Level 1 odd

|group2 = Group 2<br />LeveL 1<br />even
|list2  = List 2 - Level 1 even

|group3 = Group 3<br />LeveL 1<br />odd
|list3  = {{Navbox
     |child

     |title = Group 3 Title - LeveL 2

     |group1 = Group 3.1<br />LeveL 2<br />odd
     |list1  = List 3.1 - LeveL 2 odd

     |group2 = Group 3.2<br />LeveL 2<br />even
     |list2  = List 3.2 - LeveL 2 even

     |group3 = Group 3.3<br />LeveL 2<br />odd
     |list3  = {{Navbox
          |child

          |title = Group 3.3 Title - LeveL 3

          |group1 = Group 3.3.1<br />LeveL 3<br />odd
          |list1  = List 3.3.1 - LeveL 3 odd

          |group2 = Group 3.3.2<br />LeveL 3<br />even
          |list2  = List 3.3.2 - LeveL 3 even

          |group3 =
          |list3  = List 3.3.3 - LeveL 3 odd

          |group4 = Group 3.3.4<br />LeveL 3<br />even
          |list4  =
          }}
     }}

|group4 =
|list4  = List 4 - Level 1 even

|group5 = Group 5<br />Level 1 odd
|list5  =

|group6 = Group 6<br />Level 1 even
|list6  =

|group7 =
|list7  = List 7 - Level 1 odd

|below = below
}}
produces the following table

Child navboxes

It is possible to place multiple navboxes within a single border with the use of the border parameter, or by specifying the first parameter to be "child". The basic code for doing this is as follows (which adds a subgroup for the first group/list area):

{{Navbox
|name = {{subst:PAGENAME}}
|title = Title

|group1 = [optional]
|list1 = {{Navbox|child
   ...child navbox parameters...
 }}

...
}}

Subgroups example

Main article: Template:Navbox subgroup

This example shows how subgroups can be used. It is recommended that one use {{Navbox subgroup}}, but the same result can be reached by using {{Navbox}} with border = child or the first unnamed parameter set to child. The evenodd parameter is used to reverse striping in some of the subgroups in order to get all of the stripes to line up properly.

Multiple show/hides in a single container

Main article: Navbox with collapsible groups

The example below is generated using a regular navbox for the main container, then its list1, list2, and list3 parameters each contain another navbox, with 1 = child set. The view (v), discuss (d), edit (e) navbar links are hidden using |navbar = plain for each of them, or could be suppresed by just leaving out the name parameter (child navboxes do not require the name parameter to be set, unlike regular navboxes).

Relationship with other Navbox templates

This navbox template is specifically designed to work in conjunction with two other sister templates: {{Navbox with columns}} and {{Navbox with collapsible groups}}. All three of these templates share common parameters for consistency and ease of use (such parameters are marked with an asterisk (*) in the parameter descriptions list above). Most importantly, each template can be used as a child of one another (by using the |border=child parameter, or by specifying the first unnamed parameter to be child. For example: {{Navbox|child ...}}, {{Navbox with columns|child ...}} or {{Navbox with collapsible groups|child ...}}.

Technical details

  • This template uses CSS classes for most of its looks, thus it is fully skinnable.
  • Internally this meta template uses HTML markup instead of wiki markup for the table code. That is the usual way we make meta templates since wiki markup has several drawbacks. For instance it makes it harder to use parser functions and special characters in parameters.
  • For more technical details see the talk page, the CSS classes in MediaWiki:common.css and the collapsible table used to hide the box in MediaWiki:common.js.

Intricacies

  • The 2px wide border between groups and lists is drawn using the border-left property of the list cell. Thus, if you wish to change the background color of the template (for example ), then you'll need to make the border-left-color match the background color. If you wish to have a border around each list cell, then the 2px border between the list cells and group cells will disappear; you'll have to come up with your own solution.
  • The list cell width is initially set to 100%. If you wish to set the group width and use images, it's up to you to figure out the CSS in the to get everything to work correctly. Example of setting group width:
  • Adjacent navboxes have only a 1 pixel border between them (except in IE6, which doesn't support the necessary CSS). If you set the top or bottom margin of style, then this will not work.
  • The default margin-left and margin-right of the outer navbox table are set to "auto;". If you wish to use navbox as a float, you need to manually set the margin-left and margin-right values, because the auto margins interfere with the float option. For example, add the following code to use the navbox as a float:
style = width: 22em; float: right; margin-left: 1em; margin-right: 0em;

Known issues

  1. If the heading of the navbox spans more than one line, the second line will be displayed to the right of center. This can be avoided by hard-coding linebreaks with <br clear="all" />.
  2. Excessive use of the unsubstituted {{}} template as a delimiter, can in extreme cases cause the wiki page rendering to fail – there is a limit to the number of templates that can be used on a page (example wikipedia:Ketamine where the inclusion of eleven Navboxes with hundreds of bullets caused the page load not to complete, only the substitution of the bullets in those navboxes cured the problem). Use of the hlist class avoids the delimiter transclusion issue altogether, as the delimiters are rendered via CSS.

See also

  • {{Navbar}} – Used for the navigation links in navbox.
  • {{Nobold}} – To display text at normal font-weight within a context where the default font-weight is bold, e.g. header cells in tables.
  • {{Sidebar}} – Vertically-aligned navigation (navbox) templates
  • {{Nowrap begin}} – The recommended format for adding bullets, pipes, or dashes between list items. Deprecated; use the hlist class.
  • {{bull}} and {{bull}} – The dot and bullet commonly used to separate items in Navbox lists. Deprecated; use the hlist class.
  • {{Flatlist}} – An accessible and semantically valid method (using an HTML list) of separating items in Navbox lists. Deprecated; use the hlist class.
  • Template:Navbox/testcases – For additional examples of template code
  • Wikipedia:Line break handling – The how-to guide about how to handle word wraps (line breaks) on Wikipedia, such as the wrapping of the link lists used in navboxes.

Visit Template:Navbox/doc to edit this text! (How does this work?)
Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.